This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. They are a clumping understory palm with many palmate, deep-green leaves that have silvery undersides. In the Southeast, this palm grows best in light to medium shade. The result is that K within the palms is diluted by this new growth, making the K deficiency worse than if no fertilizer had been applied. This is the time of active root activity for this tree. This tropical plant thrives in full sun, prefers moist, well-drained soil and grows to a height of 5 feet. They are very adaptable to different soil types, but do best in sandy soil with some limestone, such as might be found in old shell-mounds near the beach. Soil conditions in some parts of South Carolina are less than ideal for growing palms and cycads. They need well-drained soil and will thrive on a site with limestone. ALL PALM TREES ARE BACKED WITH 6 MONTHS WARRANTY. Care of the Bud & Fronds: The greatest loss of water in newly dug palms occurs from transpiration through the leaves. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Pictures of Palm Trees are separated by the variety of Palm species. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Grouping together palms of the same species or with plants other than palms makes an interesting tropical landscape. They differ from the leaves of other native dwarf palms by having a split ‘V’ right in the middle. The number one reason for death of newly planted palms is poor watering practices. South Carolina is home to a wide variety of trees, some living no where in the world, not to mention some of the oldest and longest living in the world. Needle palm is a very adaptable palm. Transplanting: Palms establish most quickly if transplanted during the spring and early summer when soil temperatures are on the increase. All air pockets should be lightly tamped out of the backfill as the planting hole is filled (do not compact the soil). Jelly Palm Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. They are reasonably drought-hardy once established and will tolerate some salt spray. Support: It is a good idea to correctly support newly planted palms in hurricane prone areas. While palms may be more familiar along our coast, with the right mix of temperature, palm species and care, they can grow anywhere in South Carolina.They are cold hardy on all but the highest mountains in South Carolina.Needle palms, native to South Carolina, are considered the most cold-hardy palm species. This palm is not quite as hardy as the palmetto palm and requires winter protection below 15 ºF. Apply mulch around the trunk, keeping a small circle (several inches) around the trunk free of mulch. Broadcast or scatter the fertilizer under the entire canopy. Mediterranean or European Fan Palm Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Sabal Palmetto Palm $ 250.00 – $ 350.00. Following a regular, balanced fertilization program for palms is important, especially in the sandy regions such as the outer Coastal Plain, where micronutrient deficiencies typically occur. Common insects that affect palms include spider mites, palm leaf skeletonizers and scale insects. Windmill palms cannot take direct salt spray. Multi-trunk palms make excellent specimen or accent plants. Palm trees grow naturally in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Texas, Arizona, California and Hawaii. Three standard 2 by 4 boards are leaned against the trunk at a 45 degree angle, and the ends nailed or screwed into the short boards that are held against the trunk. Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, www.ipmimages.org. Do not apply it in a ring around the base of the tree or up against the trunk. The fan-shaped foliage of this dwarf palm may be green to a bluish-gray. Dwarf Palmetto (Sabal minor): This palm appears to be a clumping type of palm, but it actually has a trunk that is either very short or below the ground. North Carolina Palm Trees. One of the critical factors that determines where palms and cycads can be grown in South Carolina is their cold hardiness. It will tolerate some salt spray. NEW REGENERATED SABAL’S PALMETTO’S $ 550.00. Palm trees are a type of flowering plant with approximately 2600 subspecies. If transplanting cannot take place immediately, palms should be partially planted or “heeled in” and kept well watered. Therefore, the Mule Palm is a perfect combination of the two. Be sure to fertilize only during the growing season (between April 1 and August 1). #3. They grow slowly and can be easily overgrown by other nearby plants in the landscape, if not provided adequate spacing. We used them in container gardening in Michigan, but down here in North Carolina, they can grow a few feet high, and they attract flocks of butterflies, bees, and humming birds. Chemical control of diseases and insects on large trees may not be feasible since adequate coverage of the foliage with a pesticide may not be possible. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. All of our palm trees a have been tried and tested to grow in colder climates such as North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and the surrounding areas. The state gets around 64 days of t-storms every year. The ends of the three support boards must be securely staked to the ground. North Carolina has a moist subtropical atmosphere with short mellow winters and warm damp summers. Adjustments for rates and distances will have to be made for newly planted palms. In severe winters the fronds may burn, but new ones follow in the spring. Sago palm is not suitable for use in western South Carolina. Mediterranean or European Fan Palm (Chamaerops humilis): This palm is a small, clumping fan palm with stiff leaves and spiny leaf stems. Find out more about this interesting palm variety here. They tolerate salt spray and are drought-hardy once established. The normal July temperatures run from 89-92°F(31-33°C) while the normal January temperatures run … Sago Palm (Cycas revoluta): Sago palms are evergreen plants with stiff, palm-like fronds that radiate outward from a slow-growing usually non-branched trunk. It is a large, tall palm with a single unbranching trunk that grows to about 50 feet. Each year, they grow larger than the year before, and they start sprouting up from the base after the bulbs are done blooming, which is why I planted them amongst my daffodils, tulips, and irises. Prefers a rich, fertile, loamy soil, but will tolerate most types of soil. Cut leaf bases close, but not into the trunk. Large Trees. In times of drought or particularly hot weather, be sure to water your plants thoroughly. Although palm-like in appearance, sago palms are not true palms but are primitive plants called cycads. Top 10 Mistakes When Planting Palms. They are very tolerant of salt spray. Young palms, without visible trunk development, are not very tolerant of root disturbance and are best transplanted only from containers. In South Carolina, they are fairly tolerant of many problems that are common in tropical areas farther south. Most coastal turfgrass fertility needs are met with the above recommendation; however rates should be reduced for centipedegrass. It is a feather-type palm with gray-green to blue-green fronds 6 to 8 feet long and a massive trunk up to a foot and a half across. The appearance of substantial amounts of new leaves indicates that establishment is successful. Sago Palm used as an entrance accent plant Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. The hottest temperature at any point recorded was 111°F (44°C) and the most reduced was – 20°F (– 29°C). They are hardy in South Carolina from zones 8a to 8b. Sabal palmetto, also known as cabbage-palm, palmetto, cabbage palmetto, blue palmetto, Carolina palmetto, common palmetto, swamp cabbage and sabal palm, is one of 15 species of palmetto palm. The trunk is massive (can be a foot and a half across) and wild plants retain old leaf-stems (often called “boots”) on their trunks in a crisscross pattern. The trunk can be up to 2 feet across. Most established palms and cycads require water during the summer, which is the period of their active growth. Supplemental irrigation is necessary unless adequate rainfall is received during this period. This is a large fan palm that grows slowly, producing a trunk after 10 years of growth. Watering: Water the palm deeply and thoroughly immediately after planting. In South Carolina this palm is considered hardy in zone 8b and marginally hardy in zone 8a. Copyright © 2021 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Saltwater Intrusion Remediation on Turfgrass, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, HGIC 2007, Palm Diseases & Nutritional Problems, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. At Paradise Palms we operate on two simple principals. Three equidistantly-spaced braces are used to support the palm. Sago Palm $ 250.00. Palm Reading. The growth rate is slow. Leaves are yellow-green and palmate with spiny stems. They are hardy in South Carolina from zones 8a to 8b. They are rare to the point of endangerment and are often found growing over limestone. Mulch should not touch the base of the trunk. Nancy Doubrava, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Associate Extension Specialist, Clemson University, Carlin Munnerlyn, Retired Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson UniversityJoey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. Needle palms can be used in clumps or as single specimens. To brace the palm tree, three 12 inch lengths of 2 by 4 inch boards are positioned vertically on the trunk at one third the height of the palm. Cabbage Palm or Palmetto (Sabal palmetto): The cabbage palm is the state tree of South Carolina and is commonly seen near coastal areas. The palm is on Florida's Great Seal. Cycads can also make wonderful specimen plants or can be used along with palms or many other plants to create a tropical landscape. The typical size of the clump is about 5 feet high and wide, although it can eventually reach 10 feet high and wide. If the petiole (the base of the leaf stem or stalk) is green, the leaf is not dead.& Never remove leaves at an angle above the horizontal (9:00 & 3:00). Click to see full answer Beside this, do palm trees grow in South Carolina? Palms and cycads are very versatile in the landscape. For more information about palms, refer to HGIC 2007, Palm Diseases & Nutritional Problems. Their are lots of different types of palm trees. Planting: It is best to transplant young palms from containers, since they are not very tolerant of root disturbance until visible trunk development has taken place. Supplement with 1″ of irrigation water per week during periods of little or no rainfall. There are hundreds of different types, with the larger, taller, skinnier, varieties thriving in the warmest climes. Presently three to four applications are recommended at a rate of 1.5 pounds per 100 square feet or 15 pounds per 1,000 square feet. The growth rate is slow, and in the Southeast a height of 5 feet is common. The South Carolina Palmetto, or sabal palmetto, was made the official state tree in 1939. No plants have been grown to this size in the Southeast. Deep watering is the key to success when gardening in South Carolina. Minimize this problem by removing one half or more of the older leaves at the time of digging. The native habitat is similar to the needle palm, but the dwarf palmetto is much more common. In South Carolina, the sago palm (Cycas revoluta) is grown in the eastern part of the state. Only remove completely dead and loose leaves, badly damaged or diseased leaves and fruit, and flower stalks when pruning a palm. Some types of palms like the sabal palm need special treatment, since they must regenerate all new roots from the trunk. Here are my top 5 favorite beautiful South Carolina native trees that are large, fast-growing, and long-lived. If you’re looking for some quick ideas on what to plant, consider the following trees as expert-tested and The Tree Centerapproved: #1. The state tree of Florida and South Carolina, cabbage palm is also remarkably cold hardy, surviving temps of 10 to 15°F. Palms trees aren't trees, or even bushes, technically they are grasses. New growth is damaged at -10 °F. It has large, blue-green leaves with threadlike strands of fiber hanging off of each leaf. Scale insects and mealybugs commonly attack cycads. 2. A layer of mulch 2 to 3 inches deep should be applied at a minimum of three feet from the trunk. Other trees and shrubs sharing soil with palms would also benefit from this fertilizer. Insects & Diseases: Diseases that may affect palms and cycads include fungal leaf spots and root rots. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. 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